Termites primarily prey on wood. Although, some species collect inexperienced grasses and seeds and store these within their nest as food reserves. They are unpredictable pests, and domestically area unit vital on an honest vary of crops.
Some termites fret the taproots of young plants (e.g. cotton and groundnut) like a shot below the soil surface, destroying the central root parts, and fill the ensuing cavities with soil. broken plants wilt and may die inside a handful of days notably underneath drought conditions. Some termites conjointly attack the roots of maize and sorghum, and thus the broken plants topple. Termites may travel up through the roots into the trunk and branches. They eventually disrupt the movement of nutrients and water through the system resulting in death of the plant.